Many different paths can lead to public office. It’s always interesting to learn about the pre-political careers of U.S. presidents, the various jobs they had and the kind of work they did before entering the political arena. Among our past presidents, some say their previous work experience prepared them for the role of the presidency; for others, their professional skill sets weren’t as readily transferrable when it came to being Leader of the Free World.

Below I explore the professional backgrounds and career trajectories of selected U.S. presidents.While it is unsurprising that many former presidents practiced law, there are a few occupational outliers.

Before reaching our country’s highest office, what did they do for a living? Let’s take a closer look.

Herbert Hoover

Before entering politics, Herbert Hoover worked on several U.S. Geological Surveys as a mining engineer and traveled to China and western Australia while doing fieldwork. As Secretary of Commerce under President Calvin Coolidge, Hoover oversaw the federal government’s response to the Mississippi Valley floods of 1927, a natural disaster that devastated Appalachia and rendered 700,000 Americans homeless.Hoover’s coordination of aid and federal relief in the wake of the flooding was heralded as a masterpiece of management. For this reason some historians believe Hoover’s legacy is undeserved. We remember Herbert Hoover as an ineffective leader, a president who did nothing to mitigate Americans’ suffering during the Depression. It’s easy to forget about the work he accomplished before he was President.

Herbert Hoover - Bianna Golodryga

Portrait of Herbert Hoover, age 23, taken in Perth, Australia, 1898. [Photo: Library of Congress]

Ronald Reagan

It is very likely that Ronald Reagan’s career as an actor in Hollywood prepared him for life in the public eye. That he was gifted orator undoubtedly helped him excel as both an actor and a politician. Reagan, who graduated from Eureka College during the height of The Great Depression, was able to find work as a radio announcer in Davenport, Iowa. When it came to broadcasting, President Reagan was a natural. According to his bio for’s American ExperienceAn often repeated tale of Reagan’s radio days recounts how he delivered “play-by-play broadcasts” of Chicago Cubs baseball games he had never seen. His flawless recitations were based solely on telegraph accounts of games in progress.

Reagan WHO-WOC

Ronald Reagan began his career as a broadcaster at WHO Radio in Des Moines, Iowa.

George W. Bush

While many presidential candidates–Donald Trump included–have cited their business experience as qualifying them to run our government, George W. Bush’s tenure as an MLB team owner didn’t seem to be of much help during his presidency. As partial owner of the Texas Rangers from 1989 to 1998, Bush is credited with rebuilding the Rangers’ franchise and developing their ball club into what it is today.

George W. Bush in 1989

George W. Bush in 1989, after baseball owners approved his partnership’s purchase of the Rangers. (Photo: Associated Press)

Jimmy Carter

When was the last time the Democrats nominated a non-lawyer to run for president? That year was 1980, when President Jimmy Carter ran for re-election. Before running for Governor of Georgia, Carter worked on his family’s peanut farm while serving in the Georgia state senate.

Carter peanuts

Jimmy Carter shovels peanuts on his family farm in the 1970s. (Photo: Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

Lyndon Johnson

Many Americans are unaware of Lyndon Johnson’s fascinating professional background. Before he ran for Congress in 1937 and became known as Master of the U.S. Senate, Johnson taught underprivileged Mexican-American children at a tiny school in Cotulla, Texas.


Lyndon Johnson with his students in 1928. (Photo: LBJ Library)

Johnson was highly regarded for his encouraging teaching style and dedication to his students (many of whom spoke little to no English upon enrolling). Years later, after signing the Higher Education Act of 1965, Johnson reflected on his experience as a teacher. Check out this video clip of President Johnson’s moving speech:


Gerald Ford

Gerald Ford stood out as a star player on the football team at University of Michigan. After graduating, Ford was recruited by the Detroit Lions and the Green Bay Packers, with both teams offering him a contract. He turned them down, however, to attend Yale Law School. According to the Miller Center, “Yale needed an assistant football coach and Ford, who was looking for way to pay off his student debt” accepted the coaching job in 1935, hoping that the job would also help him get into Yale’s prestigious law school.


Gerald Ford at University of Michigan, 1933.

What kind of background will our next president bring to the table?

Although we often hear the story of how Hillary Rodham Clinton met Bill Clinton while the two were classmates at Yale Law School, the question of how her training as a lawyer may or may not affect her leadership is rarely asked. Speaking at Yale in 1992, [Hillary] Clinton said: “Much of what I believe, and much of what I have worked for at stake in this election, is directly related to my time at the Law School.”

And while Donald Trump touts his status as an Ivy League alumnus, Trump’s alma mater (Wharton / University of Pennsylvania) has hardly embraced him. A recent article in New York Magazine discusses how Trump’s “love for Penn” is not reciprocated by the institution. Earlier this year, a petition which claimed “Trump ‘does not represent us’ and expressed disgust that ‘an affiliation with our school is being used to legitimize prejudice and intolerance’” circulated around the University of Pennsylvania campus and collected more than 3,800 signatures.